Skip to content
Home » NEWS » The difference between machining center and CNC lathe

The difference between machining center and CNC lathe

Both machining centers and CNC lathes are commonly used CNC machine tools in modern manufacturing, but they have significant differences in design, function and application. The differences between machining centers and CNC lathes mainly include the following aspects:

  1. Processing scope:

CNC lathe: Mainly for the processing of rotary parts, such as cylinders, cones and threads, etc., suitable for cutting the outer circle, end face, inner hole and thread of shaft and disc parts.

Machining center: The processing capacity is wider and can handle complex three-dimensional curved surfaces, grooves, drilling, tapping and other types of processing. It is suitable for the processing of box parts, special-shaped parts, plate parts and other polyhedrons.

  1. Number of axes:

CNC lathe: Usually configured with X-axis (transverse feed) and Z-axis (longitudinal feed), used to control the radial and axial movement of the tool.

Machining center: It has at least three axes:

  1. Tool magazine and automatic tool change:

CNC lathes: Most are not equipped with a tool magazine, and tool changing requires manual operation, or a simple automatic tool changing system, suitable for continuous processing of a single or a small number of tools.

Machining center: The standard tool magazine can automatically replace tools with different functions, such as milling cutters, drill bits, boring tools, etc., to achieve continuous processing of multiple processes and improve efficiency and flexibility.

  1. Process and processing capabilities:

CNC lathe: Generally, only one or several related processing procedures are completed per clamping.

Machining center: Due to the automatic tool changing function, most or all of the processing procedures of the parts can be completed in one clamping, reducing the number of clamping times and improving accuracy and efficiency.

  1. Programming and control:

Basic programming languages (such as G code and M code) are common to both machine tools, but machining centers may contain more specific programming instructions to control functions such as automatic tool change and multi-axis linkage due to their more complex functions.

  1. Scope of application:

CNC lathe: suitable for mass production of circular or rotary parts.

Machining center: suitable for efficient production of small batches, multiple varieties, and complex parts, as well as single-piece customized processing.

To sum up, the choice between CNC lathe and machining center mainly depends on the type, complexity, batch size and required processing flexibility of the parts to be processed.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *